DEFINITION: An automatic fire alarm system is designed to detect the unwanted presence of fire by monitoring environmental changes associated with combustion. In general, a fire alarm system is classified as either automatically actuated, manually actuated, or both. Automatic fire alarm systems are intended to notify the building occupants to evacuate in the event of a fire or other emergency, report the event to an off-premises location in order to summon emergency services, and to prepare the structure and associated systems to control the spread of fire and smoke. Or an electrical system, installed within a home, industrial plant, or office building that sounds a loud blast or bell when smoke and flames are detected. Certain alarms are engineered to trigger sprinkler systems for added protection.
Components of a Fire Detection and Alarm / FM-200 SYSTEMS:
SMOKE DETECTORS: A smoke detector is a device that senses the presence of smoke in a building and warns the occupants, enabling them to escape a fire before succumbing to smoke inhalation or burns. Equipping a home with at least one smoke detector cuts in half the chances that the residents will die in a fire.
FIRE ALARM CONTROL PANEL: Fire alarm control panel: This component, the hub of the system, monitors inputs and system integrity, controls outputs and relays information. For early fire detection warning, Vimtech Installation Services provides a range of conventional Panels which are cost-effective solutions to fire detection in most medium size installations and above. Our units have been designed to offer high standards of performance, reliability and quality to comply with international standards.
SIRENS AND FIRE BELLS: A fire bell is a hollow device made of metal that makes a ringing sound when struck to give an alarm. It is being activated by the control panel when there is fire detection from the smoke detectors. Just like the fire bells, the sirens are devices which are also being triggered by the fire control panel to raise an alarm for an emergency call when there is a detection of fire.
MANUAL CALL-POINTS OR BREAK GLASSES: Manual call-points are designed for the purpose of raising an alarm manually once verification of a fire or emergency condition exists.